This book collects invited lectures and selected contributions presented at the Enzo Levi and XVIII Annual Meeting of the Fluid Dynamic Division of the Mexican Physical Society in 2012. It is intended for fourth-year undergraduate and graduate students, and for scientists in the fields of physics, engineering and chemistry with an interest in Fluid Dynamics from experimental, theoretical and computational points of view. The invited lectures are introductory in nature and avoid the use of complicated mathematics. The other selected contributions are also suitable for fourth-year undergraduate and graduate students. The Fluid Dynamics applications include oceanography, multiphase flows, convection, diffusion, heat transfer, rheology, granular materials, viscous flows, porous media flows and astrophysics. The material presented in the book includes recent advances in experimental and computational fluid dynamics and is well-suited to both teaching and research.