This book provides an introduction and overview of number theory based on the distribution and properties of primes. This unique approach provides both a firm background in the standard material as well as an overview of the whole discipline. All the essential topics are covered: fundamental theorem of arithmetic, theory of congruences, quadratic reciprocity, arithmetic functions, and the distribution of primes. Analytic number theory and algebraic number theory both receive a solid introductory treatment. The book’s user-friendly style, historical context, and wide range of exercises make it ideal for self study and classroom use.